A bunion is a bony malalignment of the first and/or fifth toes. Bunions that form around the base of the fifth toe are commonly called a Tailor’s bunion. If it occurs at the base of the first toe it is called a Hallux Abducto Valgus deformity. This is where the first toe is angulated away from the midline of the body toward the other smaller toes.
What are the most common problems with bunions?
Symptoms associated with bunions vary from person to person. They commonly include pain, swelling and redness. Not all bunions become painful, however, certain arthritic conditions can cause severe pain.
How do these problems arise?
- Abnormal foot mechanics.
- Impaired nerve stimulation of the muscles.
- Inflammatory disease.
- Surgical removal of the big toe joint cartilage.
- Hereditary deformities.
How can they be treated?
- Footwear therapy.
- Joint mobilization in some situations.
- Surgery is used only when other treatment fails.
When should they be checked by a podiatrist?
You should see a Podiatrist if you are concerned that a bunion may be developing or when a bunion causes significant pain or you have difficulty fitting into footwear.
How can Total Care Podiatry help you?
At Total Care Podiatry, we will determine why the bunion is developing and will tailor a treatment plan which is specific to your needs in order to achieve the best possible outcome.
This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace professional podiatric advice. Treatment will vary between individuals depending upon your diagnosis and presenting complaint. An accurate diagnosis can only be made following personal consultation with a Podiatrist.